TMJ is an abbreviation for the temporomandibular joint. TMJ is not a disease. It is part of your body… the joints on both sides of the lower jaw. This joint hinges, rotates and slides all at the same time. Muscle and joint disorders associated with the jaw are called temporomandibular disorders. All TMD patients can be defined by the TMJ triad, Piper classification of TMJ disorders, Dawson classification of occlusion, or Piper pain classification.
For all my patients I complete a diagnosis of the TMJ, based on the Piper Triad. I examine noise, range of opening, load testing, doppler, and panorex films. I refer for an MRI on all joints that do not respond to initial treatments. Treatment for jaw problems correlate to the diagnosis from the Piper triad. Treatment options are medications, splint therapy (mouthguard), bite adjustment, oral surgery, referral for microsurgery of the joint, and physical therapy.